Briefing Paper


The global COVID-19 pandemic forced many countries to impose emergency measures, such as curfews and community lockdowns, to stem the spread of the virus. To enforce these measures, some societies have given regular police forces increased power to enforce the measures, while others have to turn to vigilante policing. Unfortunately, some policing practices have become deadlier than the virus, exposed the profound frailties of democratic governance, and underscored states' obligations to uphold human rights.

Date published: 
Tue, 09/28/2021 - 16:29


This briefing paper examines how transitional justice approaches can guide the discussion around dismantling systemic racism in the United States to focus on root causes of violence and racial injustice. Drawing from relevant experiences internationally and within the United States, it provides ideas for what steps can be taken to advance acknowledgment, redress harms linked to the legacy of slavery, reform institutions, and prevent future recurrences.

Date published: 
Mon, 04/26/2021 - 10:38


Mexico is overwhelmed by criminal violence and human rights violations in ways that ordinary rule of law mechanisms cannot address. While not undergoing a political transition, Mexico could benefit from transitional justice experiences when designing policies for pursuing accountability and preventing future abuses. Doing so, however, requires careful adaptation to the country’s particular conditions. This policy brief explores opportunities for applying lessons from transitional justice in Mexico.

Date published: 
Tue, 11/24/2020 - 13:01


Building on its work in Tunisia since 2012, ICTJ met with representatives of youth-led civil society organizations and social movements and state institutions involved in pursuing accountability for Ben Ali-era corruption. This paper focuses on the strategies and insights that members of the youth-led organizations and movements shared in these discussions. It seeks to call attention to their larger revolutionary goals and to offer ways for policymakers, advocates, and donors to support these goals in their transitional justice work.

Date published: 
Wed, 02/26/2020 - 08:50


This paper highlights the need to overcome the political challenges women face in Kenya: their ongoing exclusion from political leadership, the continued violence against them during electoral contests, and their inability to ascend to leadership positions in the country.

Date published: 
Thu, 01/23/2020 - 11:06


Between April 15 and May 3, 2019, ICTJ held a number of consultations with Kenyan youth from several informal settlements in Nairobi and Mombasa to reflect on their understanding of security sector reforms and their connection to the ongoing national dialogue process, particularly as it relates to inclusion. This briefing paper presents the key issues of concern raised by these young people and based on them offers recommendations for reforming the policing culture in Kenya.

Date published: 
Tue, 11/26/2019 - 12:45


This paper considers the extent of impunity for corruption in Kenya, how corruption fuels and facilitates political violence and land injustices, and how Kenya can learn from other countries’ experiences to go beyond building bridges among the elite and meaningfully protect the rights of its citizens.

Date published: 
Tue, 11/26/2019 - 12:23


In February 2019, ICTJ hosted an international symposium on gender and transitional justice in Tunisia that brought together representatives from eight countries where ICTJ has been actively engaged in implementing a gender-focused approach to its programming. This briefing paper presents the lessons learned and key strategies that came out of this conference.

Date published: 
Tue, 08/20/2019 - 16:00


This briefing paper presents findings from a study based on interviews with 121 Syrian refugees living in Jordan. It aims to provide a better understanding of the impact the conflict in Syria has had on refugees, including their expectations, concerns, and priorities for potential durable solutions to their displacement.

Date published: 
Thu, 05/02/2019 - 14:21


This paper explores political exclusion in Kenya and its consequences on the social fabric of the nation. It draws from past governmental reports and analysis to formulate new recommendations that can inform current discourse.

Date published: 
Wed, 04/17/2019 - 14:34