Media Coverage


Two decades after the Yugoslav wars, legislation now offers benefits for some of the people who were raped or sexually assaulted in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia and Kosovo—but victims still have to struggle hard to win reparations in courts.

One of the main problems facing survivors of wartime sexual violence in Bosnia and Herzegovina is that country has so far failed to adopt a state-level law on the Protection of Victims of Torture, which would provide financial assistance, help with rehabilitation and other benefits.


Even as Nepal has failed to ensure justice for victims of the decade-long conflict, the country has yet to implement the recommendations of the United Nations Human Rights Committee, which sits in Geneva, in relation to two cases of sexual violence committed during the time of war.


Sudanese activists like Nahid Jabrallah are struggling to document reports of mass rapes committed during a June 3 paramilitary crackdown on a Khartoum protest camp. Security fears coupled with internet cuts are making it an uphill task.

Reports of mass rapes started circulating shortly after the Rapid Support Forces (RSF) crackdown on the Khartoum sit-in, which killed more than 100 people, according to opposition leaders. A number of bodies were dumped in the Nile, according to witnesses. Sudan’s health ministry has put the June 3 death toll at 61 nationwide.


Deadly political violence in Colombia spiked in May after months of decline, according to conflict monitor CERAC.

According to CERAC, politically motivated violence particularly targeted local political activists and leaders of rural community councils. To a lesser extent, the violence targeted teachers, labor unionists and journalists.

The 13 murders registered in May were part of a total of 45 acts of political violence registered in more than half of Colombia’s provinces.


EU Member States are giving more priority to investigating genocide and war crimes. The number of new cases rose by a third over the last three years, with 1,430 new investigations launched in 2018.

In 2018, a total number of 2,943 cases regarding genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes were pending or ongoing, which is the highest number documented since the creation of the EU’s Genocide Network. These cases concern crimes committed worldwide.


An independent review of United Nations operations in the years before hundreds of thousands of Rohingya Muslims fled a violent crackdown by Myanmar’s military concluded that the organization’s many bodies failed to act together, resulting in “systemic and structural failures.”

The 36-page review by Gert Rosenthal, Guatemala’s former foreign minister, released Monday, said the UN could conceivably have reconciled competing views on whether quiet diplomacy or outspoken advocacy against human rights abuses in Myanmar should have been used — but it didn’t.


On Wednesday, Fatou Bensouda, the prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC) appeared before the UN Security Council and demanded that deposed Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir stand trial for the mass killings perpetrated in Darfur.


Guatemalan police have arrested Luis Enrique Mendoza, a former military commander accused of genocide and crimes against humanity when he came out to cast his ballot in the general election.

Mendoza was the military head of operations under former dictator Efrain Rios Montt, who ruled from March 1982 to July 1983. Mendoza, who has been in hiding since an arrest warrant was issued in 2011, faces charges for his alleged role in the massacre of 1,771 Maya Ixil villagers in 1982.


On Wednesday, fiery debate erupted at the first congressional hearing in a decade to explore whether the descendants of U.S. slaves should be compensated. Lawmakers considered a bill proposed by Texas Democrat Sheila Jackson-Lee to set up a commission to study the question of reparations for slavery.

The House of Representatives judiciary subcommittee on the constitution, civil rights, and civil liberties said Wednesday's hearing would examine "the legacy of the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade, its continuing impact on the community, and the path to restorative justice."


Egypt's former President Mohammed Morsi, ousted by the military in 2013 after one year in office, has collapsed in a courtroom and died, officials say. Morsi, who was 67, had been in custody since his removal after mass protests.

A top figure in the now-banned Islamist movement Muslim Brotherhood, Morsi had just spoken from a cage at a hearing on charges of espionage. State television said that the cause of death was a heart attack.