Transitional Justice in Nepal: More Frustrations and Delay


Thirteen years after the end of the Nepali Civil War, the country is still struggling for justice. The transition from wartime to peacetime has traditionally been a fraught process for Asian governments. In the 21st century, many post-conflict nations in the region have looked toward Nepal to understand how society can best make this adaptation. The Nepali government’s prolonged stagnation does not bode well for the international evolution of transitional justice.

The Nepali Civil War ended in 2006 with the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), signed by the monarchist government and the insurgent Maoist rebels. The civil war left many victims: In a decade of conflict, approximately 16,000 people were killed, with 78,000 displaced and 1,300 still missing.

The CPA declared the beginning of a transitional justice process, in which perpetrators of abuse would be punished, victims vindicated, and society would progress into stable democracy. However, the years that followed were characterized by half-measures and mismanagement. Approximately four dozen separate transitional justice commissions were established, all of which were plagued by secrecy and impunity.

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The Diplomat