Our work: Africa

The Arusha Peace Accord of 2000 made possible efforts to address decades of past conflict in Burundi. ICTJ has advised the development of consultative, participatory, and victim-centered transitional justice strategies in Burundi since 2006.

Côte d’Ivoire has embarked on a process of addressing the legacy of internal strife that culminated in the 2010 post-election violence. ICTJ provides technical assistance to government bodies and civil society groups that are implementing transitional justice measures to reestablish the rule of law, including criminal investigations and the truth commission.

Kenya is facing a legacy of human rights violations perpetrated in the aftermath of the 2007 elections. ICTJ has worked there since 2008 on criminal prosecutions, institutional reform, truth-seeking, and reparations.

Liberia’s 14-year civil conflict ended in 2003, opening the door to transitional justice processes such as truth-seeking and security sector reform. ICTJ supports Liberia’s transitional justice efforts, collaborating with local groups to tailor transitional justice methods to their own communities.

The Lomé Peace Agreement brought some relief to Sierra Leone in July 1999 after a decade of violent conflict. Since 2001, ICTJ has advised the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, the Special Court for Sierra Leone and other justice initiatives.

South Africa’s experience confronting the legacies of apartheid has played a significant role in the development of the transitional justice field. However, much has been lacking and accountability for many issues has yet to be achieved. ICTJ works there to support victims’ rights and challenge impunity for perpetrators.

For decades, Sudan has grappled with a series of military coups, as well as conflicts in Southern Sudan, the East, Darfur, and the States of South Kordofan and Blue Nile. Following the ousting of former President Omar al-Bashir in April 2019, Sudan has embarked on a transition to civilian rule. ICTJ has worked in Sudan to build awareness of victims’ rights and strengthen people’s understanding of relevant justice issues.

Despite the official end of war, the Democratic Republic of Congo continues to be plagued by violence, with civilians falling victim to widespread killings, rape forced displacement and other crimes. ICTJ provides technical assistance to government and civil society institutions in the DRC to advance an informed national debate on transitional justice and to implement specific accountability initiatives.

The Gambia has embarked on a process to address the legacy of dictatorship, corruption, and the repression of dissent. ICTJ works with state actors, civil society, victims, and other sectors of Gambian society to increase their knowledge of transitional justice processes and their capacity to meaningfully participate in them. To help ensure the process promotes social and political inclusion, ICTJ supports national partners with a special focus on women’s groups, youth organizations, and victims.

Decades of civil strife in Uganda has resulted in widespread abuse at the hands of state and non-state actors, including killings, sexual violence and pervasive use of child soldiers. ICTJ partners with civil society leaders in the country to seek redress for these crimes, advocating for the successful reintegration of victims and accountability for perpetrators.