Middle East and North Africa

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Our work: Middle East and North Africa

Under the pretense of promoting “reconciliation”, Algeria’s government granted amnesty to perpetrators of widespread killings and violence which left an estimated 150,000 dead between 1992 and 2002. ICTJ has worked with local civil society groups in Algeria to challenge amnesty laws and promote truth, accountability and redress for victims and their families.

Following an uprising in 2011 that toppled President Hosni Mubarak, Egypt has seen the military ouster of President Morsi and now the electoral victory of former military leader General Sisi. The turmoil has seen egregious human rights abuses to add to the years of repression under Mubarak. Egyptians continue to demand accountability for decades of political repression. ICTJ has provided technical assistance to remedy past wrongs and create a rights-respecting society.

For the past 40 years, Iraq has been engulfed in conflict and instability. Nevertheless, it is attempting to address the legacy of grave human rights violations committed during Saddam Hussein’s regime, the post-2003 violence, political instability and sectarianism, and the conflict with the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL, also known as ISIS or Daesh). ICTJ has worked in the country since 2003 advising Iraqis on various accountability and justice options and monitoring measures taken to address the past.

Conflict and occupation have brought untold suffering on the Palestinian and Israeli people. ICTJ's work in this region focuses on helping local civil society learn how they can use transitional justice mechanisms to deal with the past.

Lebanon carries a heavy legacy of human rights violations—almost none of which have been addressed in a serious or transparent manner. ICTJ works with local civil society and policymakers in Lebanon on measures to address the past and strengthen the rule of law.

After more than 40 years of repression and nearly a decade of civil wars, Libya remains fragile. A viable and inclusive transitional justice process could strengthen the rule of law, reform state institutions, dismantle systems of corruption, address the long legacy of gross human rights abuses, and end a culture of impunity.

Morocco’s history since its independence in 1956 was marked by repression and widespread human rights violations. Since 2003, ICTJ has worked in Morocco with officials and civil society groups to address this legacy of violations through its transitional justice process.

Tunisia’s January 2011 revolution opened the door to address a past of widespread political repression and human rights violations. As the country works to restore victims’ dignity and confront decades of corruption and violence, ICTJ provides Tunisian policymakers and civil society groups with advice and resources.