Fact Sheet

4/25/2011

Background on the 2004 ICC arrest warrant for Bosco Ntaganda, wanted for war crimes allegedly committed in the DRC including civilian massacres and the recruitment of child soldiers. In 2009, the Congolese government decided not to arrest Bosco, and instead appointed him a deputy commander of military operations against the FDLR rebels.

Date published: 
Thu, 01/01/2009 - 12:19

4/25/2011

Situation brief on the International Criminal Court's prosecution against Thomas Lubanga, the former leader of the Union des Patriotes Congolais (UPC) who has been charged with genocide and crimes against humanity. Due to problems with the prosecutor's proposed use of evidence, the trial was cancelled shortly before it was scheduled to begin and the proceedings were put on hold. After appeals by the prosecutor, the court's Trial Chamber reinstated the proceedings and set the trial for Jan. 26, 2009. Lubanga is the first accused to be tried by the court.

Date published: 
Thu, 01/01/2009 - 12:17

4/25/2011

Background on the role of amnesty in processes of transitional justice and the 2009 DRC Amnesty Law. Given a fragile justice system and culture of impunity, this law risks rewarding blanket amnesty for all crimes committed in the DRC. ICTJ gives suggestions to break the culture of impunity, and necessary reforms in order to bring about true justice and a lasting peace.

Date published: 
Thu, 01/01/2009 - 11:58

4/25/2011

For the last 50 years Cypriots have been living amid various forms of conflict between political leaders, communities and armed forces. Divisive re-tellings of key moments in these conflicts continue to be important to the politics of all communities on the island.

Date published: 
Thu, 01/01/2009 - 10:40

4/25/2011

Background of the generations-long conflict in Colombia involving the state, the guerilla group FARC and paramilitaries. The shifting boundaries between drug trafficking and political crime remain a serious obstacle to efforts to promote accountability and respect for human rights in the region.

Date published: 
Thu, 01/01/2009 - 10:37

4/25/2011

Background on conflict in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and the Central African Republic (CAR) in the context of Jean-Pierre Bemba’s trial at the International Criminal Court (ICC). The ICC is preparing to prosecute Bemba of the DRC for alleged rapes, torture and murders that his militia committed in the CAR.

Date published: 
Thu, 01/01/2009 - 10:30

4/25/2011

Situation brief on the International Criminal Court's upcoming pretrial hearings on whether to pursue charges against Jean-Pierre Bemba for crimes his troops allegedly committed in the Central African Republic (CAR) in 2002-03. The ICC prosecutor opened an investigation in May 2007 into crimes committed in the CAR, based on a December 2004 referral from Central African President. An arrest warrant was issued on May 24, 2008, he was arrested the same day. He is now in custody in The Hague.

Date published: 
Thu, 01/01/2009 - 10:26

4/25/2011

Overview of the proceedings of the ECCC, the hybrid tribunal created in 2006 to try senior leaders of the Khmer Rouge and those "most responsible" for the crimes that took place. The court has five suspects in custody and has almost completed its first trial which began in March of 2009.

Date published: 
Sun, 11/01/2009 - 10:00

4/25/2011

Since the early 1990s, several dozen Sub-Saharan African countries have attempted to address past human rights abuses by relying on a varied mix of transitional justice mechanisms, such as prosecutions, truth-seeking and reconciliation efforts, reparations, or reform of their justice and security systems.

Date published: 
Thu, 01/01/2009 - 09:47

4/25/2011

Background on the rise in instability and deterioration in security in Afghanistan since the overthrow of the Taliban in 2001. ICTJ summarizes the actions of the Karzai government in implementing transitional justice reforms based off findings of the Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission (AIHRC) in 2004.

Date published: 
Thu, 01/01/2009 - 09:14

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