• Date published: 4/1/2004

    Truth Commissions and NGOs: The Essential Relationship

    Author: ICTJ

    This paper aims to address the question "What advice would you give to colleague NGOs in countries where the momentum for the establishment of a truth commission is already strong?" It is intended to provide basic guidance to NGOs that are likely to engage with formal, official truth commissions established by the state during times of political transition. It is organized chronologically in three sections: before, during, and after the operation of a truth commission.

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  • Date published: 3/1/2004

    The Special Court for Sierra Leone: The First Eighteen Months

    Author: ICTJ

    This report describes the Special Court for Sierra Leone’s accomplishments in the first 18 months of its mandate. The Court was established to try "those bearing the greatest responsibility" for serious violations of international law and certain provisions of domestic law since November 1996. It has shown a clear understanding of its mandate and its management has been relatively efficient. Yet challenges remain in demonstrating its capacity to hold quality trials, as its focus shifts from investigations to trial work.

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  • Date published: 1/13/2004

    Property Rights in Kosovo: A Haunting Legacy of a Society in Transition

    Author: ICTJ; Edward Tawil

    Property Rights in Kosovo explores cultural, political and social factors dating as far back as the Ottoman period that have contributed to the present state of property rights. It examines the legacy of the armed conflict and NATO intervention of 1999 in the massive population displacement in the region, and suggests ways to improve the effectiveness of efforts by local and international institutions to address property conflicts.

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  • Date published: 1/1/2004

    The Sierra Leone Truth and Reconciliation Commission: Reviewing the First Year

    Author: ICTJ

    This paper provides an initial summary of the work of the Sierra Leone Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) and points to some of the key difficulties it has encountered. The Commission's first year was challenging: it effectively lost its full preparatory period and the first two or three months of its mandate to administrative difficulties. Despite this, the TRC has undertaken remarkable work in some areas.

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  • Date published: 1/1/2004

    The Struggle for Truth and Justice

    Author: ICTJ; Hilmar Farid, Rikardo Simarmatra

    This paper summarizes the results of a mapping survey on transitional justice initiatives in Indonesia undertaken by ICTJ from August 2002 to May 2003. While the Indonesian government has created several state agencies and laws to address past cases of violence, it is still plagued by problems of legitimacy and ineffectiveness.

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  • Date published: 1/1/2004

    Reparations and the International Criminal Court: A Prospective Role for the Trust Fund for Victims

    Author: ICTJ; Marieke Wierda, Pablo de Greiff

    The establishment of the International Criminal Court's Trust Fund for Victims (TFV) , in combination with its reparations function, is unprecedented in international law. It affirms the importance of victims in international justice efforts. However, the creation of a Trust Fund closely associated with a Court also raises both practical and conceptual challenges. These challenges are easier to meet if the TFV, rather than the Court, plays the leading role in designing an overall approach to reparations programs.

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  • Date published: 9/9/2003

    Transitional Justice in Cambodia: Challenges and Opportunities

    Author: ICTJ, Kelli Muddell; Human Rights Watch; Asia Society

    This paper explores the challenges to uncovering the truth about the atrocities committed under the Khmer Rouge and achieving justice for victims in Cambodia. It discusses which transitional justice mechanisms are applicable and what opportunities to achieve truth and accountability exist. With victims still demanding justice and the Khmer Rouge leaders getting older, the need to establish a minimal level of justice is crucial. Although a tribunal should be supported, a much more holistic approach is necessary to recover and restore society.

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  • Date published: 8/1/2003

    Crying Without Tears - In Pursuit of Justice and Reconciliation in Timor-Leste: Community Perspectives and Expectations

    Author: ICTJ; Piers Pigou

    This report examines community expectations and experiences of Timor-Leste’s unique transition from occupation to independence. It documents the results of focus group discussions on an array topcis including violence and conflict, truth recovery, justice, accountability, reconciliation, and forgiveness. These issues lie at the heart of the Timorese peoples’ expectations and experiences, and at the center of Timor’s transitional justice concerns.

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  • Date published: 8/1/2003

    Intended to Fail: The Trials Before the Ad Hoc Human Rights Court in Jakarta

    Author: ICTJ; David Cohen

    This report focuses on 12 trials that took place before the Indonesian Ad Hoc Human Rights Court between March 2002 and August 2003. It analyzes the prosecution efforts and quality of the judgments, and assesses the political and institutional context in which these trials took place. The trials must be regarded as a failure on every level, from technical competence to institutional integrity and political will.

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  • Date published: 3/1/2003

    Sierra Leone's Truth & Reconciliation Commission and Special Court: A Citizen's Handbook

    Author: ICTJ, National Forum for Human Rights; Paul James-Allen, Sheku B.S. Lahai, Jamie O'Connell

    This handbook explains the mandate, origins, purposes, and operating methods of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) and Special Court in Sierra Leone. It discusses the differences and similarities between them, in clear, non-technical language. The TRC and Special Court can play crucial roles to help Sierra Leone recover from civil war by helping reform political and legal institutions.

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