• Featured
    Date published: 6/16/2014

    Challenging the Conventional: Can Truth Commissions Strengthen Peace Processes?

    This joint report by ICTJ and the Kofi Annan Foundation explores common assumptions about why truth commissions are created in the wake of armed conflict and what factors make them more likely to succeed – or fail. It arises from a high-level symposium hosted by the two organizations in November 2013, which provided an opportunity for policy makers, practitioners, and scholars with significant experience in peacebuilding and transitional justice to discuss and reflect on truth commissions and the challenges of addressing accountability in peace negotiations. The report includes a foreword by Mr. Kofi Annan, a summary of discussions, two analytical papers, five case studies, and a set of conclusions.

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  • Featured
    Date published: 6/1/2014

    Confronting Impunity and Engendering Transitional Justice Processes in Uganda

    This briefing paper summarizes the findings of consultations undertaken by ICTJ with women’s groups in Gulu, Lira, and Soroti on confronting impunity and engendering transitional justice processes in northern Uganda. Its purpose is to help incorporate women’s needs and justice demands into the drafting and implementation of the Ugandan government’s forthcoming transitional justice policy. The paper’s many detailed recommendations provide guidance on how transitional justice measures, such as material and symbolic reparations, can recognize and redress the specific harms suffered by women as a result of the LRA conflict.

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  • Featured
    Date published: 5/19/2014

    Lessons to Be Learned: An Analysis of the Final Report of Kenya’s Truth, Justice and Reconciliation Commission

    Author: Christopher Gitari Ndungú

    This paper analyzes the contents of the Final Report that the Kenyan Truth, Justice and Reconciliation Commission (TJRC) presented to President Uhuru Kenyatta on May 21, 2013, after four years of investigations. In particular, it evaluates the report’s information and findings, the logic of the commission’s conclusions and recommendations, and the apparent efforts made by commissioners to examine notorious and contentious past conducts. The paper concludes that, despite the controversies that surrounded the TJRC during its tenure, the contents of the Final Report can be used to consolidate the search for justice for victims of historical injustices in Kenya.

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  • Featured
    Date published: 1/30/2014

    Failing to Deal with the Past: What Cost to Lebanon?

    Author: ICTJ

    This report examines the situation of impunity in Lebanon that has persisted since the 1975-1990 war through the lenses of core elements of transitional justice. It analyzes Lebanon’s past experience of ineffective transitional justice measures -- including limited domestic trials, narrowly mandated commissions of inquiry, and incomplete remedies for victims -- and their impact on Lebanese society. The report derives lessons that could help to initiate a broader accountability process in Lebanon in the interest of long-term peace and security.

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  • Featured
    Date published: 10/2/2013

    Towards a Transitional Justice Strategy for Syria

    Author: Paul Seils

    This briefing paper focuses on establishing a credible approach to accountability and human rights in a post-conflict Syria. Looking ahead to an eventual resolution to the war, it recognizes that Syrian authorities and civil society, as well as the international community, will have to consider how to deal with crimes committed during the current conflict—and in preceding decades of repression under the Assad regime.

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  • Featured
    Date published: 9/11/2013

    Lebanon’s Legacy of Political Violence

    Author: ICTJ

    This report compiles information on hundreds of incidents of serious human rights violations that occurred in Lebanon from 1975 to 2008, including mass killings, enforced disappearances, assassinations, forced displacement, and the shelling of civilian areas. It reveals patterns of violence and provides an analysis of incidents within the framework of international human rights and humanitarian law. While not an exhaustive mapping, the report is intended to serve as a key resource on which future research and investigative work can be built. Its aim is to contribute to the debate on how to break the cycle of political violence and serious violations of human rights in Lebanon and bring about accountability, the rule of law, and sustainable peace.

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  • Featured
    Date published: 8/28/2013

    Beyond Relief: Addressing the Rights and Needs of Nepal’s Wives of the Disappeared

    Author: ICTJ

    Based on the findings of over 450 interviews, this briefing paper looks at the socioeconomic impact of enforced disappearances on the wives of the disappeared in Nepal. More than 1,000 people remain unaccounted for after Nepal’s 10-year conflict ended in 2006. The majority were young men with wives and children. The paper highlights the precarious economic situation that results from the loss of a husband who is usually the family’s sole breadwinner.

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  • Featured
    Date published: 6/26/2013

    Reparations in Peru: From Recommendations to Implementation

    Author: Cristián Correa

    This report evaluates the government of Peru’s partial results in providing compensation to victims of the internal armed conflict that devastated the country from 1980 to 2000. It provides a detailed analysis of the process of implementing the Comprehensive Reparations Plan, established on the basis of recommendations made by the Commission for Truth and Reconciliation (2003). The report also reflects on the relationship between development policies and reparations in considering investment projects undertaken to date as part of the Collective Reparations Program.

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  • Featured
    Date published: 6/13/2013

    Drafting a Truth Commission Mandate: A Practical Tool

    Author: Eduardo González

    This publication is intended to facilitate the process of drafting a mandate for a truth commission charged with the nonjudicial investigation of serious human rights violations. It covers the different aspects of a legal mandate that are necessary to enable an effective truth-seeking body, including: the objectives, the definition of the object of inquiry the normative, and policy orientations entrusted to the commission. It provides several examples of how laws and decrees in different countries have tackled the elements of a commission’s mandate, which are meant for illustration only, not as models to follow. The document is designed to be used by government officials, civil society activists, victims’ organizations and other stakeholders in a transitional justice process.

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  • Featured
    Date published: 4/30/2013

    Prosecuting International and Other Serious Crimes in Kenya

    Author: ICTJ

    This briefing paper focuses on the topic of prosecuting international and other serious crimes in Kenya, including crimes committed in the context of the postelection crisis of late 2007 and early 2008. In particular, it identifies and analyzes obstacles and opportunities for such prosecutions within current legal and institutional frameworks.

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