We work side by side with victims to obtain acknowledgment and redress for massive human rights violations, hold those responsible to account, reform and build democratic institutions, and prevent the recurrence of violence or repression.
Transitional justice refers to how societies respond to the legacies of massive and serious human rights violations. It asks some of the most difficult questions in law, politics, and the social sciences and grapples with innumerable dilemmas. Above all, transitional justice is about victims.
The Resource Library stores all of ICTJ’s published works since 2001 to the present, grouped by category and searchable by key word, country, issue, language, and more.
Access our reports, briefing papers, books, educational resources, and archived materials.
Find our feature stories, opinion articles, and press releases.
Search our videos, photo galleries, audio recordings, and interactive products.
This study explores specialized units established in 23 countries to investigate and prosecute serious international crimes.
This study explores a transitional justice approach to the dilemma of foreign fighters in violent conflict.
This report aims to help practitioners in the transitional justice field to understand the experience of establishing and operating hybrid courts and to address some common assumptions about these
In transitional contexts, reporting does not simply present the facts, but instead shapes the parameters for interpreting divisive political issues.
In cases other than those of environmental disasters, some mix of persecution and fear of violence based on ethnicity, race, or religion, plus violations of human rights and repression based on pol
This paper is concerned with the relationship between criminal justice and displacement that has taken place as a result of serious violations of international humanitarian law, and considers these
As with most post-conflict challenges, the issues of displaced populations and weak security institutions each have profound effects on the other.
Property Rights in Kosovo explores cultural, political and social factors dating as far back as the Ottoman period that have contributed to the present state of property rights.
Since 1990, 65 former heads of state or government have been legitimately prosecuted for serious human rights or financial crimes.
This study examines various aspects of existing reparations following the 1991-1999 conflicts in the former Yugoslavia.
This study identifies the range of agencies in and outside the former Yugoslavia that collect documentation on war crimes and other human rights violations committed in the 1991-1999 wars.
Since the end of open armed conflict in the former Yugoslavia, there has been little progress in transitional justice.
This paper provides an overview of the major issues and recent developments in transitional justice in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH).
This case study offers an overview of some of the major issues and recent developments in transitional justice in Croatia.
This case study reviews and analyzes the deployment of international judges and prosecutors in Kosovo. It is part of a series providing information on hybrid courts' policy and practical issues.
This report examines the effectiveness of war crimes prosecutions in Serbia.
The application of transitional justice mechanisms, such as war crimes trials and reparations, has significant flaws in Serbia.
The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of some of the major issues and recent developments in transitional justice in Serbia and Montenegro.
The transitional justice review of Bosnia and Herzegovina says that in spite of important achievements in Bosnia and Herzegovina in terms of transitional justice, a number of substantive concerns r
Background on the massive human rights violations in the states that declared independence from the Former Yugoslavia from 1991 onwards, including Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Kosovo, result
The Documentation Affinity Group (DAG) was established in 2005 by ICTJ and five partner organizations as a peer-to-peer network with a primary focus on human rights documentation.
Bosnians have a range of expectations of the ICTY—or as it is known in the region, “the Hague Tribunal” or simply “The Hague”—comparing their hopes to the goals enunciated by the Security Council w
The disarmament, demobilization and reintegration (DDR) process implemented in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) following the 1992-1994 war helped facilitate the transition to peace.