National Prosecutions


BOGOTA, Colombia — Human Rights Watch urged Ecuador’s government Monday to hold those responsible for violent abuses during last year’s protests accountable in order to deter any future violations, particularly as the coronavirus pandemic stirs unrest.

A report released by the watchdog group said security officials used excessive force against protesters during demonstrations in October 2019, including firing tear gas canisters directly at people from a short range.


A judge in Senegal has granted Chad's former President Hissene Habre two months' leave from prison, where he is serving a life sentence for crimes against humanity, as the jail is being used to hold new detainees in coronavirus quarantine.

Habre, who ruled Chad from 1982 to 1990, was convicted of war crimes and crimes against humanity at an African Union-backed trial in the Senegalese capital Dakar in 2016.

A Chadian commission of inquiry estimated 40,000 people were killed by his regime.


LA PAZ – A former Bolivian interior minister known as “Minister for Cocaine” for his role in turning the impoverished nation into a narco-state during a military dictatorship in the 1980s has died after decades in prison, local media said on Tuesday, citing a Bolivian government minister.


MEXICO CITY  — A Mexican judge issued an arrest warrant for the former head of investigations for the Attorney General’s Office for alleged violations in the investigation of the case of 43 college students who disappeared in 2014, officials said Wednesday.

Tomas Zerón and five other former officials face charges including torture, forced disappearance, and judicial misconduct. Three have been arrested, and three, including Zerón, are still at large.

Read more here.


KHARTOUM — The Sudanese prosecutor’s office on Tuesday ordered the arrest of former foreign minister Ali Karti for his role in the 1989 coup that brought Omar al-Bashir to power.

It said in a statement that Karti’s assets would be frozen and that arrest warrants had been issued for five other people, including Omar Suleiman, a former head of a parliamentary chamber and the man believed to have accompanied Bashir to Khartoum, the capital, during the coup.

Read more here.


Colombia’s war crimes tribunal has assumed the investigation into the role of the former security chief of former President Alvaro Uribe in the killing of human rights defenders.

The Special Jurisdiction for Peace (JEP) took over the investigation from the Prosecutor General’s Office into the disappearances of two human rights defenders in 2000 when General Mauricio Santoyo was the chief of anti-kidnapping unit GAULA in Medellin.


Bosnian-Serb forces killed 8,000 Muslim men in Srebrenica over three days in 1995 — the worst atrocity on European soil since the Holocaust.

Marking 25 years since the genocide, two survivors spoke at Belfast City Council today, accompanied by Remembering Srebrenica Northern Ireland board chairman Peter Osborne.

Concentration camp survivor Elmia Kulašić was asked how she approaches reconciliation and forgiveness.

Executive Director


The United Nations Security Council has considered transitional justice on several occasions in the past and included many of its components in country-specific resolutions, and also stressed the links between transitional justice and the other items on its thematic agenda including women, peace and security, and children and armed conflict, and it has made explicit reference to transitional justice as a key part of efforts to sustain peace. Yet, on February 13, the Security Council held its first open debate focusing solely on transitional justice.


The government of the Syrian regime has announced the discovery of a mass grave in the Duma region east of the Syrian capital, Damascus. This discovery has again raised questions about the issue of mass graves in Syria, the people responsible, how to hold these people accountable in the future, as well as to uncover the fate of the missing people.

Setting up trial mechanisms will not be easy, especially in the absence of international or local legal courts for Syria and the crimes that occurred in it.


The trial of the former member of the Prijedor Motorized Brigade – charged with committing crimes against humanity in the Prijedor area in 1992 – has started with the prosecution’s introductory statements.

He is charged also with having participated in the murder of two civilians from Gornja Puharska who were taken to Jordan Njiva locality and killed.

Read more here.