National Prosecutions


Eighteen people have gone on trial in Argentina on charges ranging from abduction to crimes against humanity. The prosecution says they were responsible for torture, baby thefts, and killings carried out in three detention centers under military rule between 1976 and 1983.


An 87-year-old Rwandan arrested in France was transferred to the custody of a United Nations court in the Netherlands on Monday, nearly 23 years after he was first indicted for his alleged involvement in the 1994 genocide in his country, the court announced.


British Judge Joanna Korner’s recent critical report on the prosecution of war crimes in Bosnia and Herzegovina highlighted how lengthy trials serve to delay justice even longer, more than two decades after the end of the 1992-1995 war. The report cited several cases that have dragged on for about five years.


In response to the recent tragic explosion in Beirut on August 4, 2020, ICTJ and 14 prominent nongovernmental organizations recently issued a joint statement, demanding immediate action to promote accountability and a new non-sectarian political system in Lebanon. The likely preventable explosion represents another appalling consequence of a dysfunctional sectarian political system that has been in place since the end of the country’s 15-yearlong civil war in 1990 and that has afforded impunity to perpetrators of human rights abuses for decades and entrenched a culture of cronyism and corruption in the country.


The Belgrade Higher Court on Thursday convicted Nebojsa Stojanovic, a Serb paramilitary fighter in the Bosnian war, of killing a captured fighter from the Bosnian Croat wartime force in the village of Kozuhe in May 1992.


Ethnic Albanians who agreed to testify as witnesses in cases against Kosovo Liberation Army fighters are frightened that their identities could have been revealed by a leak of documents from the Hague-based war crimes court.


Appeals judges at the International Criminal Court (ICC) upheld on Thursday the detention of an alleged Sudanese militia leader charged with more than 50 crimes against humanity and war crimes in the Darfur conflict.

Senior Expert, Programs


The political crisis in Venezuela has reached a breaking point. The upcoming parliamentary elections scheduled for December 6 threaten to deprive the opposition of its institutional foothold, on which the legitimacy of its demand to establish an interim government rests. Moreover, observers both inside and outside Venezuela have repeatedly warned that the conditions are unsuitable for fair and impartial elections. A political solution now depends on the government backpedaling from its recent refusal to postpone the elections and allowing the European Union to observe them. It also requires the opposition to take a clear stance beyond calling for the removal of the president.


Former commanders from Colombia's FARC rebel group have claimed responsibility for six murders, including that of conservative politician Alvaro Gomez Hurtado. The admission was made in a letter to the Special Justice for Peace (JEP) tribunal, which is tasked with investigating crimes committed during more than five decades of armed conflict between the FARC and the government.