National Prosecutions


“Former Sudanese president Omar al-Bashir must face justice for crimes under international law, including genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes, that he allegedly committed in Darfur while in power,” said Amnesty International ahead of the start of his trial on corruption charges on August 18 in Khartoum.


Indigenous women are at the forefront of the fight to ensure crimes against humanity in Guatemala do not remain unpunished. In recent years, they have made considerable progress in defending and promoting the rights of indigenous peoples, and particularly indigenous women.

The main instrument for achieving justice has been through the country’s court system, where they have brought cases over human rights violations committed during Guatemala’s three-decade, 1960-1996 brutal civil war. 


BERLIN (Reuters) - A 92-year old German man will go on trial in October charged with helping to murder 5,230 prisoners, many of them Jewish, at a Nazi death camp in World War II, prosecutors said on Thursday.

In what will be one of the last cases against Nazi-era crimes, Bruno D. is accused of being an SS guard in the Stutthof concentration camp near Gdansk, in what is today Poland, and of being involved in killings between August 1944 and April 1945.


A new report by the Belgrade-based Humanitarian Law Centre, published on Wednesday, said there has been no progress this year so far in the implementation of Serbia’s national strategy for the prosecution of war crimes.

The report, which covers the period from the start of December 2018 to the beginning of July this year, found that there has not been an increased number of indictments compared to the number of investigations, that court cases continue to drag on for too long, and that fewer missing persons have been found.


Tunis—Youth activists from across Tunisia, representatives of state institutions, and experts from international nongovernmental organizations gathered on July 10, 2019, to discuss challenges to pursuing accountability for corruption crimes committed during the Ben Ali dictatorship and practical steps that civil society and government can take to overcome these challenges.


The Dutch Supreme Court upheld Friday a lower court’s ruling that the Netherlands is partially liable in the deaths of some 350 Muslim men who were murdered by Bosnian Serb forces during the 1995 Srebrenica massacre.

The Netherlands’ highest court ruled that Dutch United Nations peacekeepers evacuated the men from their military base near Srebrenica on July 13, 1995, despite knowing that they “were in serious jeopardy of being abused and murdered” by Bosnian Serb forces.


The Nepalese civil war, which ended after a peace deal was brokered between the government and Maoist insurgents in 2006, left over 17,000 people dead. About 1,530 people went missing and more than 8,000 were injured or suffered physical disabilities.

The former rebels have led or formed part of the government in Kathmandu on several occasions. Despite the peace deal and promise to investigate war crimes — extrajudicial killings, torture, and sexual violence — not a single perpetrator has been punished.


Human Rights Watch (HRW) has pointed out in various reports, including Flawed Justice: Accountability for ISIS Crimes in Iraq, that all civil employees are subject to investigation and prosecution under the government's blanket system for dealing with ISIL affiliates under its counter-terrorism law.


A former Afghan military officer is on trial in Munich this week, accused of torturing captured fighters in late 2013 and early 2014. The 26-year-old allegedly mocked, defiled, and desecrated the corpse of an enemy commander in front of civilians.


Two leading international human rights groups have slammed the outcome of a case on the murder of five youth in Trincomalee.

A magistrate had last week acquitted all 13 defendants in the execution of five ethnic Tamil students on January 2, 2006, known as the “Trinco Five” case. On July 3, 2019, the magistrate acquitted 12 members of the police Special Task Force (STF) and a police officer due to a “lack of evidence.”