National Prosecutions


On Tuesday, Tunisia’s former interior minister, Abdallah Kallel, appeared before the transitional justice court in Tunisia, which specialises in investigating human rights violations committed during the regime of former president Zine El Abidine Ben Ali and his predecessors.


Two decades after the Yugoslav wars, legislation now offers benefits for some of the people who were raped or sexually assaulted in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia and Kosovo—but victims still have to struggle hard to win reparations in courts.

One of the main problems facing survivors of wartime sexual violence in Bosnia and Herzegovina is that country has so far failed to adopt a state-level law on the Protection of Victims of Torture, which would provide financial assistance, help with rehabilitation and other benefits.


On Wednesday, Fatou Bensouda, the prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC) appeared before the UN Security Council and demanded that deposed Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir stand trial for the mass killings perpetrated in Darfur.


Guatemalan police have arrested Luis Enrique Mendoza, a former military commander accused of genocide and crimes against humanity when he came out to cast his ballot in the general election.

Mendoza was the military head of operations under former dictator Efrain Rios Montt, who ruled from March 1982 to July 1983. Mendoza, who has been in hiding since an arrest warrant was issued in 2011, faces charges for his alleged role in the massacre of 1,771 Maya Ixil villagers in 1982.


Egypt's former President Mohammed Morsi, ousted by the military in 2013 after one year in office, has collapsed in a courtroom and died, officials say. Morsi, who was 67, had been in custody since his removal after mass protests.

A top figure in the now-banned Islamist movement Muslim Brotherhood, Morsi had just spoken from a cage at a hearing on charges of espionage. State television said that the cause of death was a heart attack.

Communications Senior Associate


Regardless of how the world remembers Alex Boraine's legacy—or the success and shortcomings of the truth and reconciliation process in South Africa—history will recall that Boraine withstood his own, and his nation’s, transitions to cement his legacy as an architect for truth and reconciliation and a champion for justice for victims.


On May 29, Tunisia’s criminal courts specializing in transitional justice marked their first year in operation. About 20 percent of the expected cases have started. But this comes in the context of strong hostility from the government, and at a time when some big, sensitive cases are also coming up.


Victims of the decade-long Maoist insurgency in Nepal have been reaching out to political leaders to demand amendments to the transitional justice act. Now, a hearing of a review petition filed by the government against a 2015 Supreme Court ruling on transitional justice is set for June 6.

In 2015, the court had struck down around a dozen of ambiguous provisions in the transitional justice act, including ones that proposed amnesty for those guilty of serious human rights violations during the conflict, which claimed nearly 17,000 lives.


New York, June 3, 2019—Today, with just over a month to go before the 2019 UN High-Level Political Forum (HLPF) on Sustainable Development, ICTJ and its partners have released the Report of the Working Group on Transitional Justice and SDG16+, entitled “On Solid Ground: Building Sustainable Peace and Development After Massive Human Rights Violations.”


Many of the alleged perpetrators of apartheid-era crimes are dying, which means speedy prosecuting of those crimes is vital for families to find justice. This was the view of former Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) commissioner Yasmin Sooka outside the high court in Johannesburg on Monday.

Sooka was speaking after a full bench of the high court dismissed the application by former security policeman Joao Rodrigues for a permanent stay of prosecution. It was a decision Sooka described as being not about revenge but rather about justice and accountability.