National Prosecutions


TUNIS—ICTJ hosted a conference on May 2 and 3 to address the current challenges facing Tunisia’s Specialized Criminal Chambers (SCC) as it proceeds to adjudicate cases of serious human rights violations committed under the former regime. The 90 guests who attended included members of Tunisia’s Truth and Dignity Commission (Instance Vérité et Dignité, IVD), judges, lawyers, representatives from victims’ groups, and international transitional justice experts.


This briefing paper focuses on the role of victims of human rights violations in criminal proceedings. This paper will provide examples of recent developments in the advancement of victim participation in criminal proceedings in international criminal law and domestic jurisdictions.

Date published: 
Fri, 05/04/2018 - 12:31


Pursuing justice in a transitional context may take the form of multiple measures and goes beyond the pursuit of criminal prosecutions. Tunisia’s Basic Law on Transitional Law, adopted in December 2013, is a case in point. Despite its flaws, the the law introduced a fairly comprehensive framework to redress past abuses and to hold perpetrators to account.

Date published: 
Fri, 05/04/2018 - 11:59


In some contexts, the global community has resorted to international tribunals to prosecute the most serious past crimes, such as war crimes, crimes against of humanity, and genocide. While these international efforts contributed significantly to international justice, they were resource draining and located outside the countries in which the crimes took place. To overcome these issues, the so-called hybrid court was developed that combines domestic and international law and personnel. Tunisia has adopted a purely domestic hybrid court.

Date published: 
Fri, 05/04/2018 - 10:48


Kosovo’s Special Prosecution filed an indictment against a Serbian fighter who allegedly committed war crimes in the village of Mala Krusa/Krushe e Vogel during a deadly two-day attack in 1999.

An international prosecutor from Kosovo's Special Prosecution Office filed an indictment on Thursday against a former Serbian fighter, identified only by the initials D.T., who allegedly committed war crimes in the village of Mala Krusa/Krusha e Vogel between March 25 and 27, 1999.


Saranda Bogujevci, survivor of a massacre of 14 Albanian women and children in Kosovo in 1999, said that a Serbian court’s decision to release one of the convicted attackers on parole was “unacceptable.”

Saranda Bogujevci, a survivor of the 1999 massacre in Podujevo/Podujeve, condemned on Wednesday Belgrade Higher Court’s decision to grant early release from prison to Sasa Cvjetan, a member of the Scorpions police unit that committed the crime.


Mohammed Jabbateh, 51, given lengthy jail term owing to nature of crimes he sought to hide.

A former Liberian warlord known as “Jungle Jabbah” has been sentenced to 30 years in prison in a groundbreaking judgment by a US court for lying about his role in Liberia’ civil war and the atrocities he committed.


In its latest report on former Yugoslav states, the European Commission warns about setbacks and standstills in the prosecution of war crimes and delays in access to justice for victims of the 1990s wars.

The latest European Commission country reports on Western Balkan states, published on Tuesday April 17th, highlight the continuing obstacles in prosecuting war crimes and compensating victims of the conflicts in the former Yugoslavia.