National Prosecutions

7/24/2018

The President of Bosnia’s autonomous Serb Republic Milorad Dodik is pushing to reopen debate over the 1995 Srebrenica massacre. Earlier this week, Dodik launched a procedure in parliament demanding the body revoke a 2004 report by a previous government, which established that Serb forces killed about 8,000 Muslims in and around the town of Srebrenica during the country’s 1992-1995 war. While acknowledging the crime occurred, Dodik has repeatedly rejected rulings that describe the massacre as a genocide.

7/20/2018

A mass grave with 38 skeletons has been discovered in an area of Sri Lanka that saw pitched battles between government forces and Tamil Tiger rebels in 2009. The grave was discovered during the construction of a new building in the northeastern corner of the island. The town was occupied by the Tamil Tigers between 1983 and 2009. International human rights groups have accused the government of killing at least 40,000 Tamil citizens during the final months of the war in 2009. 

7/20/2018

Weeks after his conviction for war crimes was quashed at The Hague, Congolese politician Jean-Pierre Bemba was nominated to be his party’s presidential candidate in the December electionse. Current President Joseph Kabila is at the end of his mandate, but has refused to commit to standing down, sparking protests in which dozens of people have died. Bemba would represent the most serious opposition to Kabila, if he can return to Congo before the August 8 deadline to register his candidacy. He is still awaiting sentencing by the ICC on a witness tampering conviction.

7/18/2018

Egypt’s parliament recently passed a law that could make senior military officers immune from investigation and prosecution over alleged offenses committed while the country’s constitution was suspended between July 2013 and January 2016.  The law also makes those named by President Sisi officers for life and accords them wide-ranging privileges. Hundreds of people were killed in August 2013 when security forces broke up protests in support of former President Mohamed Mursi.

7/18/2018

A Colombian army general, for the first time, apologized to victims for his alleged role in the mass execution of civilians. Prosecutors alleged General Henry Torres was one of the commanders who took part in the killing of at least 4,500 civilians during administration of former President Alvaro Uribe.

7/18/2018

In a recently released report on Human Rights and Democracy in 2017 the UK’s Foreign and Commonwealth Office said it was concerned by the limited progress of the human rights situation in Sri Lanka. The report pointed to on-going allegations of torture by Sri Lankan security forces and described the progress towards establishing transitional justice mechanism as “worryingly slow.” The UK provides significant assistance to Sri Lanka including support for police reform, demining, inter-faith dialogue, and support of the UN’s Peacebuilding Priority Plan.

7/18/2018

Spain’s government has announced plans to establish a truth commission to investigate crimes against humanity committed by the regime of Francisco Franco, more than 40 years after his death. Under the new law, the criminal records of those convicted for opposing Franco would be cleared and organizations that celebrate the memory of the dictator would be outlawed. Justice advocates are also urging the government to make reforms to the 1977 Amnesty Law.

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7/11/2018

Tunisian women are playing a special role in the Truth and Dignity Commission (TDC) which is investigating abuses committed under previous regimes. The TDC’s women’s sub-commission strives to make sure that women’s voices are heard and the struggles they endured are acknowledged. Since the high-profile televised testimony of a handful of women victims and a cross-country outreach campaign, the number of complaints filed before the TDC by women has gone from 5 percent to 25 percent.

7/11/2018

Eight Ivoirians, believed to be loyalists of ex-Ivorian President Laurent Gbagbo, are expected to be extradited back to Cote d’Ivoire after fleeing to Liberia in 2011. The Ivorian government accuses the men of rape, murder, arson, and theft of property during the 2010-2011 civil conflict that followed ex-President Gbagbo refusing to concede the election to current President Alassne Outtara. While rights groups accuse both sides of committing crimes against humanity during the conflict, only loyalists of the ex-President have been held accountable.

7/10/2018

Santiago Uribe, the brother of ex-President Alvaro Uribe, is awaiting trial on charges that he commanded a death squad suspected in the murder of hundreds of people during the nation’s long civil war. But with the victory of ex-President Uribe’s hand-picked successor, Ivan Duque, in the presidential elections last month, some Colombians wonder whether the case will move forward. Duque has proposed replacing the three top courts with just one, which would eliminate the Supreme Court, the body investigating Santiago Uribe.

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