National Prosecutions

Head of Office, Kenya


Many countries have endured a violent past or a dictatorship that left behind a trail of human rights violations. During transitions to peaceful societies or democracies, there is a need to address that painful past to ensure that the violations do not recur in future. While some countries have made or are making laudable efforts to deal with the atrocities of the past, others like Kenya are regrettably still at the phase of wishing the painful past away.


The appeals chamber of the Bosnian state court on Friday found Milorad Radakovic and Goran Pejic not guilty of war crimes. Radakovic and Pejic had been accused of going to the village of Tukovi near Prijedor on June 13, 1992, when one of the defendants killed three members of the Ecimovic family in one house and then both opened fire in a second house, killing two more members of the family. Radakovic is a former reservist policeman, while Pejic is a former member of an unidentified military or police formation. They were originally acquitted in May this year.


After four years working “under fire” and interviewing almost 50,000 witnesses, Tunisia's commission is tasked with serving justice to victims of half a century of dictatorship is poised to submit its recommendations. Set up in 2014 following the 2011 revolution and in the wake of dictator Zine al-Abidine Ben Ali's fall, the Truth and Dignity Commissionhas sought to “reveal the truth about the human rights violations” in Tunisia from 1955 to 2013.


South Sudan’s President Salva Kiir and his deputy Wani Igga have joined a campaign seeking to reunite and reconcile South Sudanese people torn apart by a five-year conflict. Using pre-recorded audio messages aired on local radio stations, the leaders of the world’s youngest nation are urging the people of South Sudan to embrace forgiveness to pave way for nationwide reconciliation.


Amid confusion over another extension of their term, two transitional justice bodies in Nepal have decided to wrap up by presenting a progress report and recorded complaints to the government if the administration denies them more time for looking into the insurgency-era cases of atrocities. Though the term of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) and the Commission of Investigation on Enforced Disappeared Persons (CIEDP) expires on February 9, the government is still undecided whether to extend their terms or to restructure them.


Evidence of war crimes committed by the Syrian government is the strongest collected since the Nazis were tried in Nuremberg, according to the chairman of Commission for International Justice and Accountability Stephen Rapp. In an interview with The World Today, the war crimes prosecutor and former U.S. Ambassador-at-Large for War Crimes Issues said that his organization has accessed more than 750,000 pages of documents that record the atrocities committed by the regime of President Bashar Al-Assad.

Senior Expert, Programs


Dr. Alex Boraine, founder of the ICTJ, was larger than life. In his long career, he touched the lives of thousands in his beloved South Africa and around the world. 


"If it weren't for Alex Boraine, the institute for a democratic alternative would not have existed in South Africa."

This is according to Paul Graham, former executive director of the Institute for Democracy in South Africa (Idasa), an organisation Boraine founded in 1986 with Frederik van Zyl Slabbert, in "a formidable partnership", Graham said. 

Boraine died in the early hours of Wednesday at the age of 87. 


This report aims to help practitioners in the transitional justice field to understand the experience of establishing and operating hybrid courts and to address some common assumptions about these entities. To do so, it looks at hybrid or mixed courts in practice, drawing on experiences in five different contexts: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Cambodia, Lebanon, Sierra Leone, and Timor-Leste. 

Date published: 
Wed, 12/05/2018 - 06:00


NEW YORK – The Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida) has awarded the International Center for Transitional Justice (ICTJ) a grant of 40 million Swedish kronor to implement its Strategic Plan 2018-2022. During this period, ICTJ will respond to the growing demand for its services from countries in transition to democracy, as well as contexts where conflict or political repression are ongoing.