Report

This paper provides an initial summary of the work of the Sierra Leone Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) and points to some of the key difficulties it has encountered. The Commission's first year was challenging: it effectively lost its full preparatory period and the first two or three months of its mandate to administrative difficulties. Despite this, the TRC has undertaken remarkable work in some areas.

Date published: 
Thu, 01/01/2004 - 10:02

This report traces the human rights abuses under King Hassan II—including arbitrary arrest, torture, and disappearance—that led to the development of the Moroccan Equity and Reconciliation Commission (Instance Équité et Réconciliation (IER)). It provides both a historical reference and lays the foundation for a more thorough analysis once the Commission's work has been completed. It also offers several recommendations to bolster and augment Morocco's truth-seeking experience in the coming months and years.

Date published: 
Tue, 11/01/2005 - 09:35

This report is based on a population-based survey assessing attitudes about peace and justice in Northern Uganda. For nearly two decades, the Lord's Resistance Army has been in conflict with Ugandan government forces, killing countless civilians and abducting tens of thousands of children and adults to serve as soldiers and sex slaves for its commanders. The Ugandan government's dual approach of military action and mediation to bring peace to the region has had little success. This study represents the spectrum of attitudes and opinions of those most affected by the violence.

Date published: 
Fri, 07/01/2005 - 09:26

This publication provides an operational framework for vetting and institutional reform. It is intended address the challenges of institutional and personnel reform in post-conflict States through the creation of vetting processes that exclude persons who lack integrity from public institutions. It is divided into three sections: 1) the concept of vetting in the context of institutional reform and transitional justice; 2) the political conditions of post-conflict or post-authoritarian reform; and 3) the operational guidelines themselves.

Date published: 
Sun, 01/01/2006 - 09:18

This publication sets out basic principles and approaches to truth commissions and is intended to assist policymakers in advising on the development of truth-seeking mechanisms. It summarizes lessons learned from the experiences of over 30 truth commissions in the past two to three decades. While truth commissions do not replace the need for prosecutions, they do offer some form of accounting for the past. The work of a truth commission may strengthen prosecutions that take place in the future.

Date published: 
Sun, 01/01/2006 - 09:13

This publication sets out basic considerations on prosecution initiatives. It is intended to assist United Nations field staff when advising on how to address the challenges of prosecuting perpetrators of crimes such as genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes. It focuses on the strategic and technical challenges these prosecutions face domestically, and denotes principle considerations that should be applied to all prosecutorial initiatives.

Date published: 
Sun, 01/01/2006 - 09:10

This report disscusses the Greensboro Truth and Reonciliation Commission's Final Report on the 1979 killings of five anti-Ku Klux Klan demonstrators. It focuses on a meeting of representatives from truth recovery efforts around the world to assess the Greensboro experience. Topics covered include best practices, lessons learned, and the potential of truth commissions for other communities and issues in the United States. It concludes that there is great potential to gain from this type of exchange, and that Greensboro is an inspiration for other communities.

Date published: 
Fri, 09/01/2006 - 09:07

This case study provides basic information and policy analysis on the Special Court for Sierra Leone. It aims to help guide policymakers establishing and implementing similar mechanisms. The Court broke new ground in terms of narrowly focusing on those bearing the greatest responsibility for human rights abuses, allowing for a limited and efficient approach. However, the court faces significant challenges in terms of impact, legitimacy, fairness, and overall efficiency.

Date published: 
Wed, 03/01/2006 - 09:04

This report outlines Indonesia's international law obligations to provide remedies to the "1965 victims" of General Soeharto's persecution and stigmatization of those affiliated with the Indonesia Communist Party. It traces the history of this persecution, provides an overview of current discriminatory laws and practices, and summarizes efforts to end such practices. It suggests implementing a comprehensive reparations framework within a coherent transitional justice strategy.

Date published: 
Thu, 06/01/2006 - 08:51

This report provides an overview of how truth commissions can address gender issues. It aims to help those involved with the truth commission process make informed decisions regarding different operational directions by highlighting potential advantages and disadvantages of the various approaches. Examples of how to address gender in truth commissions include: ensuring a specific number of female commissioners and staff; providing in-camera hearing options; and convening a gender hearing.

Date published: 
Sat, 07/01/2006 - 14:19

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