Truth commissions present an important venue for children’s voices to be heard and for their needs to be addressed. The more challenging questions are specific to each context – which settings are most appropriate, what risks are involved, what do the children have to gain and how will the process affect them
Counterterrorism detainees held in U.S. custody were subject to widespread abuses, including prolonged, arbitrary detention, physical and sexual abuse, enforced disappearance by way of the secret transfer of prisoners to undisclosed locations (“extraordinary rendition”), and other cruel, inhuman, and degrading treatment or torture.
Bangladesh has taken several steps to seek redress for mass atrocities committed during the course of their “Liberation War” in 1971 that split West and East Pakistan into modern Pakistan and Bangladesh. In March 2009, the Awami League party announced the creation of an International Crimes Tribunal to indict collaborators accused of international crimes during this period. This briefing paper outlines the history of the conflict, transitional justice efforts to date and issues of concern for the recently established International Crimes Tribunal.
Transitions focuses on the Justice and Peace Law in Colombia. Michael Reed-Hurtado, ICTJ Senior Associate and Head of Office, discusses Colombia's Justice and Peace Law.
Providing the Minister for Social Solidarity with the unfettered discretion to dismiss and appoint members of the institute’s Governing Board renders the institute vulnerable to politicization and undermines the institute’s ‘technical, administrative and financial autonomy.
In 2008 and 2009, the International Center for Transitional Justice (ICTJ) conducted extensive research on impunity in Myanmar (previously known as Burma). This submission is based largely on that research, as well as developments in the last six months.
Kenya plunged into a dark episode of violence following the controversial presidential election of 2007. The International Criminal Court’s (ICC) recently announced its investigation into issues of complementarity, peace, justice, victims, and affected communities in the country.
The legacy of systematic human rights violations committed during violent conflict and repressive rule can reach well into the new order. Transitional justice can help societies address the past through prosecutions, truthseeking, reparations for victims and institutional reform. Justice in this sense includes and goes beyond criminal justice, encompassing broader notions of accountability and redress.
The ICC is the most significant international development of our time in the fight against impunity. Since July 1, 2002, when it entered into force, the Rome Statute system has profoundly changed responses to international crimes. The Review Conference is a landmark opportunity to assess the workings of the Statute and the Court, and will be held from May 31 to June 11, 2010 in Kampala, Uganda.
Transitions focuses on victims and the ICC review conference. David Tolbert, ICTJ President, discusses the ICC and review of the Rome Statute.