Briefing Paper

6/2/2011

This paper provides a brief history of Liberia, from Americo-Liberian rule in the 19th century to the 2005 elections. It provides accounts of the 1989-1996 and 1997-2003 civil wars, as well as of significant political changes and elections. It also includes appendixes of noteworthy individuals and a diagram mapping historical conflicts.

Date published: 
Mon, 05/01/2006 - 08:59

6/2/2011

This paper summarizes the basic facts about the Dujail trial, the first trial before the Iraqi High Tribunal (IHT) against Saddam Hussein and seven others. It also summarizes facts about the IHT in general. It considers both what the Iraqis wanted out of the trial, what such prosecutions can achieve, and evaluates the trial itself.

Date published: 
Wed, 11/01/2006 - 08:57

6/2/2011

This update series summarizes developments in the Anfal trial of Saddam Hussein, his cousin Ali Hassan al-Majid, and five other co-defendants before the Iraqi High Tribunal. It covers the trial's defense and closing phases. Five of the six defendants were sentenced to either multiple life sentences or death. Charges against the sixth defendant, al-'Aani, were dismissed for lack of evidence.

Date published: 
Sun, 01/01/2006 - 08:54

6/1/2011

This study examines the development of restitution and reparations in international law and practice over the last century. It aims to provide recommendations on how restitution can best contribute to transitional justice by reviewing four case-studies: the Czech Republic, South Africa, Bosnia, and Guatemala. The paper provides general conclusions on how restitution–particularly property restitution as a remedy for forced displacement–can best be implemented in contemporary transitional settings.

Date published: 
Tue, 05/01/2007 - 12:20

5/27/2011

Bangladesh has taken several steps to seek redress for mass atrocities committed during the course of their “Liberation War” in 1971 that split West and East Pakistan into modern Pakistan and Bangladesh. In March 2009, the Awami League party announced the creation of an International Crimes Tribunal to indict collaborators accused of international crimes during this period. This briefing paper outlines the history of the conflict, transitional justice efforts to date and issues of concern for the recently established International Crimes Tribunal.

Date published: 
Fri, 07/30/2010 - 09:03

5/26/2011

This case study offers an overview of some of the major issues and recent developments in transitional justice in Croatia. While the main focus is on war crimes prosecutions before the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia and Croatian courts, it also examines truth-telling efforts (or the lack thereof), reparations, and the relevant institutional reforms by the Croatian State.

Date published: 
Fri, 12/01/2006 - 14:13

5/26/2011

ICTJ provides constructive comments on the draft Internal Rules for the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC). While the draft Internal Rules provide greater procedural clarity for the ECCC proceedings, ICTJ lists several concerns in five areas that must be focused on. These include: trials in absentia, protection and support for victims and witnesses, the ECCC's power to award reparations, public accessibility of the proceedings, and some key lessons from the ICTJ's monitoring of the Iraqi High Tribunal.

Date published: 
Wed, 11/01/2006 - 14:05

5/26/2011

This paper discusses the challenges encountered during efforts to pursue justice in a number of sub-Saharan African countries in transition, including Burundi, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Ghana, Liberia, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, and South Africa. It presents a background and genealogy of transitional justice, and explores the obstacles that arise when implementing transitional justice measures such as prosecutions, truth-seeking, reparations, and institutional reform.

Date published: 
Sat, 07/01/2006 - 14:02

5/26/2011

This article examines and evaluates the Iraq Tribunal's Dujail Trial. The trial marks the beginning of a longer accountability process in the country and can potentially make a lasting contribution to transitional justice. This study assesses the fairness and effectiveness of the trial, and provides suggestions for future trials.

Date published: 
Sun, 01/01/2006 - 13:57

5/26/2011

This paper compares and contrasts peace negotiations in Sierra Leone and Liberia. It delineates lessons in peacemaking that emerge from this comparison. These include: considering all policy options, taking a nation's recent history into account, reinterpreting and challenging questions of justice, allowing civil society to play a role, and prosecuting key protagonists.

Date published: 
Fri, 06/01/2007 - 09:05

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