Briefing Paper

6/2/2011

This paper addresses the possible impact of the International Criminal Court (ICC) on conflict mediation and on political stability in fragile environments. It looks at issues such as: the role of criminal accountability for massive abuses, the ICC statute, practical issues that conflict mediators may face as a result of ICC investigations, and the possible positive role the ICC may play in the context of conflict mediation.

Date published: 
Wed, 06/01/2005 - 09:28

6/2/2011

The Extraordinary Chambers of the Courts of Cambodia's reparations mandate may seem narrow and restrictive. Yet there are several potential ways in which the Court can make the right to reparations meaningful for civil parties and for many other Cambodians. It has the ability to influence the implementation of reparations beyond its temporal mandate - through its judgments and practice directives.

Date published: 
Sat, 01/01/2005 - 09:24

6/2/2011

From 1976 to 1983 Argentina was ruled by a military dictatorship and an estimated 10,000 to 30,000 people "disappeared." This paper outlines transitional justice developments in Argentina - including the investigation and prosecution of human rights violations. The current movement to end impunity for human rights abusers in Argentina is due to the to support of recent governments, hard work by Argentine human rights organizations, initiatives of the Argentine judicial system, and the contribution of activists who continue to work for justice for victims.

Date published: 
Mon, 08/01/2005 - 09:22

6/2/2011

This briefing note provides a short overview of the conflict in Afghanistan's recent history, and the ongoing discussions and initiatives to address human rights violations and war crimes there. The state-building process, launched in 2001 after the ousting of the Taliban regime, has been slow and cumbersome. Important political achievements have been made, such as the adoption of a new constitution, holding of presidential and parliamentary elections, and the establishment of a new government. Yet many significant challenges remain.

Date published: 
Sat, 01/01/2005 - 09:20

6/2/2011

This paper provides a brief history of Liberia, from Americo-Liberian rule in the 19th century to the 2005 elections. It provides accounts of the 1989-1996 and 1997-2003 civil wars, as well as of significant political changes and elections. It also includes appendixes of noteworthy individuals and a diagram mapping historical conflicts.

Date published: 
Mon, 05/01/2006 - 08:59

6/2/2011

This paper summarizes the basic facts about the Dujail trial, the first trial before the Iraqi High Tribunal (IHT) against Saddam Hussein and seven others. It also summarizes facts about the IHT in general. It considers both what the Iraqis wanted out of the trial, what such prosecutions can achieve, and evaluates the trial itself.

Date published: 
Wed, 11/01/2006 - 08:57

6/2/2011

This update series summarizes developments in the Anfal trial of Saddam Hussein, his cousin Ali Hassan al-Majid, and five other co-defendants before the Iraqi High Tribunal. It covers the trial's defense and closing phases. Five of the six defendants were sentenced to either multiple life sentences or death. Charges against the sixth defendant, al-'Aani, were dismissed for lack of evidence.

Date published: 
Sun, 01/01/2006 - 08:54

6/1/2011

This study examines the development of restitution and reparations in international law and practice over the last century. It aims to provide recommendations on how restitution can best contribute to transitional justice by reviewing four case-studies: the Czech Republic, South Africa, Bosnia, and Guatemala. The paper provides general conclusions on how restitution–particularly property restitution as a remedy for forced displacement–can best be implemented in contemporary transitional settings.

Date published: 
Tue, 05/01/2007 - 12:20

5/27/2011

Bangladesh has taken several steps to seek redress for mass atrocities committed during the course of their “Liberation War” in 1971 that split West and East Pakistan into modern Pakistan and Bangladesh. In March 2009, the Awami League party announced the creation of an International Crimes Tribunal to indict collaborators accused of international crimes during this period. This briefing paper outlines the history of the conflict, transitional justice efforts to date and issues of concern for the recently established International Crimes Tribunal.

Date published: 
Fri, 07/30/2010 - 09:03

5/26/2011

This case study offers an overview of some of the major issues and recent developments in transitional justice in Croatia. While the main focus is on war crimes prosecutions before the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia and Croatian courts, it also examines truth-telling efforts (or the lack thereof), reparations, and the relevant institutional reforms by the Croatian State.

Date published: 
Fri, 12/01/2006 - 14:13

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