Fact Sheet

4/26/2011

In Colombia, the shifting boundaries between drug trafficking and political crime and the tension between security and human rights pose particular challenges for those seeking accountability for past abuses and respect for human rights.

Date published: 
Tue, 01/01/2008 - 10:05

4/26/2011

Indigenous populations throughout the world are widely recognized as groups affected by political and economic marginalization. Countries that have used truth commissions to examine patterns of exclusion—including Chile, Guatemala and Peru—have found clear links between racism, political marginalization, economic exclusion and violence. The Canadian TRC might benefit from exploring these lessons as it carries its work forward.

Date published: 
Tue, 01/01/2008 - 09:43

4/26/2011

As the first national truth commission to be created in an established democracy, Canada’s Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) is a bold experiment. It is also the first TRC to focus exclusively on crimes committed against children and indigenous groups.

Date published: 
Tue, 01/01/2008 - 09:40

4/25/2011

Response to the first 100 days of the Obama administration and the disclosure of evidence detailing abusive treatment of detainees in the "war on terror." ICTJ recommends the appointment of a special prosecutor, the creation of an independent, nonpartisan commission of inquiry and continued declassification of information.

Date published: 
Mon, 06/01/2009 - 15:07

4/25/2011

Details the range of measures that will be needed to address the consequences of abuses committed during the U.S. "war on terror," including independent investigations, public disclosure of the truth, prosecutions of those responsible for abuses and redress for victims of serious harms.

Date published: 
Thu, 01/01/2009 - 15:04

4/25/2011

Transitional justice is a response to systematic or widespread violations of human rights. It seeks recognition for victims and promotion of possibilities for peace, reconciliation and democracy. Transitional justice is not a special form of justice but justice adapted to societies transforming themselves after a period of pervasive human rights abuse.

Date published: 
Thu, 01/01/2009 - 14:27

4/25/2011

Of the many challenges that arise when negotiating a transition to peace and an end of war, one of the most difficult can be the tension between prioritizing peace and insisting equally on justice for crimes of the war.

Date published: 
Sat, 04/25/2009 - 13:55

4/25/2011

Unofficial or local truth-seeking is an approach that became pervasive in Latin America beginning in the 1980s and ‘90s, with the demise of military governments there. In the absence of governmental action or as preparation for it, some local communities or civil society groups sometime seek to recognize and investigate the legacy of past human rights abuses.

Date published: 
Thu, 01/01/2009 - 13:47

4/25/2011

Background on the ICC's record in pursuing prosecutions as a response to massive human rights abuses and discusses hybrid court tribunals as a developing judicial strategy. ICTJ offers insight into trends for states to balance international and domestic pressures to combat impunity for war criminals.

Date published: 
Thu, 01/01/2009 - 13:34

4/25/2011

Background on the massive human rights violations in the states that declared independence from the Former Yugoslavia from 1991 onwards, including Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Kosovo, resulting in the deaths of over 140,000 people and four million displaced. The fact sheet covers the criminal prosecutions of major figures that took place in the aftermath of the violence, and initiatives in truth-seeking, institutional reforms and reparations.

Date published: 
Thu, 01/01/2009 - 12:25

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