This report aims to help practitioners in the transitional justice field to understand the experience of establishing and operating hybrid courts and to address some common assumptions about these entities. To do so, it looks at hybrid or mixed courts in practice, drawing on experiences in five different contexts: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Cambodia, Lebanon, Sierra Leone, and Timor-Leste. 

Date published: 
Wed, 12/05/2018 - 06:00


This report focuses on “indirect victims” of human rights violations in Tunisia, namely, the wives, sisters, and children of political prisoners in Tunisia, who suffered discrimination, social exclusion, police violence, and harassment during the dictatorship.

Date published: 
Mon, 12/03/2018 - 09:29


This report examines attacks on schools in Syria from multiple angles: from the legal implications of such attacks to the everyday impact on students, teachers, families, and society at large. It is the product of Save Syrian Schools, a collaborative project led by 10 Syrian civil society organizations and ICTJ that demands an end to the killing of Syrian children and justice for the bombing of schools.

Date published: 
Mon, 09/10/2018 - 08:41


This report aims to help local governments, victims’ groups, and other stakeholders in Nepal to understand the scope of and potential inherent in local governmental powers and to identify what local governments can do to design and implement initiatives that support victims of conflict. It concludes by offering detailed recommendations for local governments that are considering measures of reparation for human rights victims and other transitional justice initiatives.

Date published: 
Fri, 07/13/2018 - 08:51


This report is based on qualitative interviews with Central African refugees living in Chad and Cameroon, in which they were asked about their experience of displacement and their intentions and concerns regarding return, reconciliation, and justice. Refugees said that if peace and justice were to have a chance, they needed to hear a clear and strong message of inclusion coming from the highest levels of government that they are Central African citizens with equal rights.

Date published: 
Wed, 03/14/2018 - 08:17


Alors que les défenseurs des droits humains et les représentants des États reconnaissent de plus en plus la nécessité d’impliquer les enfants dans les processus de recherche de la vérité, il y a un besoin croissant d’outils pratiques facilitant la participation des enfants tout en privilégiant leur protection.

Date published: 
Thu, 02/01/2018 - 11:26


In a number of countries around the world, governments have created state-administered reparations programs for victims and communities that were most affected by massive human rights violations. The success of these programs, which often involve thousands of individuals, depends in part on the state’s ability to reach victims and record their demands for justice in an effective and meaningful way. Reparations programs may be administered by government agencies pursuant to a law or policy or a court judgment. In all cases, a process of identifying, verifying, and registering those entitled to reparations is necessary. This often begins with a reparations application form.

Date published: 
Wed, 12/06/2017 - 15:27


Civil war in Lebanon ended in 1990, but its impact resonates today. How do young people understand the conflict, and how does it continue to shape their lives? A group of young photographers explored these questions through ICTJ's "The War as I See It" photo gallery. This publication presents the findings of that project. It showed that the generation born after 1990 lacks basic information about the war and that the young people who participated had a genuine curiosity to learn about and reflect on the war. Academics and experts who participated in the discussions expressed the importance of promoting knowledge and discussion of the civil war and its causes among young people, in order to build durable peace and prevent the recurrence of violence.

Date published: 
Wed, 10/18/2017 - 08:31


Discussions about a future return of refugees and coexistence among groups currently at war in Syria must begin now.

Date published: 
Fri, 06/09/2017 - 11:03


There is widespread misunderstanding of transitional justice in Nepal, and relevant policy is often motivated by the interests of political leaders and other powerful actors, like the Nepal Army, with little regard for the rights and needs of victims. This report, a collaboration between ICTJ and the Nepali NGO Martin Chautari, aims to broaden the understanding and awareness of what truth in transitional justice in Nepal actually means for diverse sets of stakeholders.

Date published: 
Tue, 05/23/2017 - 10:29