Providing justice to victims of human rights abuses in fragile contexts such as the Central African Republic (CAR) is challenging for reasons related not only to the state’s stability, capacity, and political will, but also socioeconomic inequality in the country. This research report describes the contextual obstacles and operational challenges in CAR and examines the notion of justice and its feasibility from the perspective of a victim-centered approach.

Date published: 
Wed, 03/10/2021 - 08:05


Because transitional justice processes are complex, politically contested, and not necessarily linear, they present unique theoretical and practical challenges for measuring their results. This report seeks to improve monitoring and evaluation practices and support evidence-based processes and interventions in the transitional justice field. It promotes a more nuanced approach to monitoring and evaluation that considers the specific challenges, conditions, and needs of the field and the different contexts where transitional processes are pursued.

Date published: 
Mon, 01/25/2021 - 10:15


Invoking the principle of universal jurisdiction opens the door to the possibility of some accountability in circumstances where justice is not possible in countries where the crimes took place. This study considers the challenges facing the exercise of universal jurisdiction and assesses to what extent it remains a viable option for victims seeking justice for international crimes. While resort to universal jurisdiction is on the rise, it still faces considerable obstacles, particularly of a political nature.

Date published: 
Thu, 12/03/2020 - 15:30


The armed conflict in Northern Uganda, stretching across more than two decades, greatly affected the local populations, which suffered multiple forms of war crimes and gross abuses of human rights. This study assesses the opportunities for providing interim relief to victims of conflict-related human rights violations through targeted development programs, pending the establishment of a comprehensive reparations program.

Date published: 
Mon, 09/14/2020 - 07:27


On March 2 and 3, 2020, transitional justice and anti-corruption policymakers, experts, and activists from the Gambia, Kenya, South Africa, Armenia, and Tunisia met in Tunis for a two-day conference to share solutions to a common problem: how can countries emerging from dictatorship, war, or political transitions hold corrupt ex-rulers accountable, recover their ill-gotten assets, and ensure victims achieve justice and obtain reparations? This report gives an overview of the conference and its panel discussions.

Date published: 
Thu, 08/27/2020 - 09:39


Colombia's Special Jurisdiction for Peace (SJP) aims to achieve criminal accountability through a mixed system of restorative and retributive justice. This report describes the court’s mixed model, delves into its innerworkings, and critically assesses its restorative justice components and their impact.

Date published: 
Thu, 07/16/2020 - 14:54


This report examines the police vetting in Kenya that was part of a broader reform in response to the 2007-2008 post-election violence, focusing on why civil society became disillusioned with the initiative. Drawing on interviews with civil society representatives and former members of the police commission, it explores the vetting's disappointing outcomes and the process itself, which exhibited a lack of responsiveness and transparency. The report is accompanied by a briefing paper and a policy brief, which offers recommendations on vetting more generally.

Date published: 
Fri, 06/26/2020 - 15:27
ICTJ cover image for report on Syria Detainees


This policy paper examines the dark reality of detentions in Syria, its impact on those who are detained and their families, and recommends a set of urgent steps that should be taken to assist families in obtaining information about the whereabouts of their loved ones, gaining access to them, and achieving their prompt release.

Date published: 
Fri, 05/29/2020 - 09:55


This report is an effort to break that silence and bring forward women’s voices in The Gambia to shed light on the violations they have suffered under Jammeh’s dictatorship and their enduring impact on their lives and those of their families.

Date published: 
Mon, 12/16/2019 - 13:12


Prosecution guidelines provide benchmarks for decision making and act as a shield for prosecutors in the face of undue influence, pressure, or interference. Prosecutors pursuing sensitive cases, such as those involving mass atrocities, ought to do so by applying binding, objective, fair and publicly known criteria. This report presents a comparative overview of prosecution guidelines from around the world in "ordinary" times and in the context of post-conflict transitions.

Date published: 
Tue, 10/15/2019 - 13:58