United States


Examples of pardons in international jurisprudence, including Inter-American Court and Commission, European Court of Human Rights, UN Treaty Bodies, and the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights.

Date published: 
Sat, 11/01/2008 - 11:56


Case studies on the use of pardons in Argentina, Chile, El Salvador, Peru, and South Africa.

Date published: 
Sat, 11/01/2008 - 11:48


Recent speculation indicates that U.S. President George W. Bush may grant pardons to administration officials and members of the military who might face prosecution for authorizing, ordering, endorsing, justifying or committing acts pursuant to the “war on terror.” While a pardon application process exists within the Department of Justice, the president is free to issue pardons without regard to the process and for any reason, including a desire to shield members of his administration and the military from investigations.

Date published: 
Sat, 11/01/2008 - 11:43


ICTJ hosted a conference on “Strengthening Indigenous Rights through Truth Commissions” July 19-21, 2011. Regional and international experts convened to discuss how truth commissions can incorporate and address indigenous peoples’ rights. Videos of each session and summaries of the conference proceedings are available.


ICTJ's expert conference on the relationship between truth-seeking and indigenous rights is in session. View the live stream here.


This report disscusses the Greensboro Truth and Reonciliation Commission's Final Report on the 1979 killings of five anti-Ku Klux Klan demonstrators. It focuses on a meeting of representatives from truth recovery efforts around the world to assess the Greensboro experience. Topics covered include best practices, lessons learned, and the potential of truth commissions for other communities and issues in the United States. It concludes that there is great potential to gain from this type of exchange, and that Greensboro is an inspiration for other communities.

Date published: 
Fri, 09/01/2006 - 09:07


In the U.S., the democratic principle that openness in government can act as an important check against the possibility of government abuse has been steadily undermined. A critical information gap, only partially addressed through fragmented investigative efforts within and outside government, leaves important questions unanswered, such as how and by whom abuse has been authorized and carried out, on what scale and with what human and policy consequences.

Date published: 
Sat, 11/01/2008 - 13:42


Amicus curiae on petition for a writ of certiorari, to the United States Court of Appeals for the second circuit.

Date published: 
Thu, 01/01/2009 - 15:20