Justice-Sensitive Security System Reform in the Democratic Republic of Congo

ICTJ; Laura Davis
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In October 2008, fighting erupted in the North Kivu province in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) between rebel troops of Laurent Nkunda's Congrès National pour la Défense du Peuple (CNDP) movement, local militia groups, and troops of the Forces Armées de la République Démocratique du Congo (FARDC), the national Congolese army. This outbreak of violence indicates that the Congolese security system is incapable of defending the state and the state's authority, and poses a serious threat to the population, particularly to women and children. Impunity within the security system allows serious human rights violations, including sexual and gender-based violence, to go unchecked. This paper argues that the EU should seek to incorporate justice-sensitive initiatives within SSR programmes, and encourage the prosecution of human rights violators.