The Need for Accountability: The Helsinki Memorandum Five Years On

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Five years since the government of Indonesia and the Free Aceh Movement signed the Helsinki Memorandum of Understanding, key provisions for accountability for mass crimes have not yet been implemented. Attempts to avoid the difficult truths of Aceh’s recent history and to allow perpetrators of horrific crimes to remain free continue to weaken popular respect for national legal institutions and feed existing anger and divisions that could lead to a recurrence of violence.