• Date: 6/1/2006

    Neglected Duty: Providing Comprehensive Reparations to the Indonesian "1965 Victims" of State Persecution

    Author: ICTJ; Teresa Birks

    This report outlines Indonesia's international law obligations to provide remedies to the "1965 victims" of General Soeharto's persecution and stigmatization of those affiliated with the Indonesia Communist Party. It traces the history of this persecution, provides an overview of current discriminatory laws and practices, and summarizes efforts to end such practices. It suggests implementing a comprehensive reparations framework within a coherent transitional justice strategy.

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  • Date: 5/1/2006

    A Brief History of Liberia

    Author: ICTJ; Peter Dennis

    This paper provides a brief history of Liberia, from Americo-Liberian rule in the 19th century to the 2005 elections. It provides accounts of the 1989-1996 and 1997-2003 civil wars, as well as of significant political changes and elections. It also includes appendixes of noteworthy individuals and a diagram mapping historical conflicts.

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  • Date: 3/5/2006

    Lessons from the Deployment of International Judges and Prosecutors in Kosovo

    Author: ICTJ; Tom Perriello, Marieke Wierda

    This case study reviews and analyzes the deployment of international judges and prosecutors in Kosovo. It is part of a series providing information on hybrid courts' policy and practical issues. Although the Kosovo system of international judges and prosecutors has made significant steps forward, it has been limited by continuing concerns regarding security and independence, ad hoc planning, and poor implementation.

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  • Date: 3/1/2006

    The Serious Crimes Process in Timor-Leste: In Retrospect

    Author: ICTJ; Caitlin Reiger, Marieke Wierda

    This paper analyzes the serious crimes process the UN established in Timor-Leste to try serious violations of human rights perpetrated in 1999. The main difficulty facing this process is that the vast majority of suspects are in Indonesia, and the Timorese government has not been able to secure their surrender. This issue has called into question the success of the entire operation and whether it was appropriate to pursue a hybrid court in Timor-Leste.

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  • Date: 3/1/2006

    The Special Court for Sierra Leone Under Scrutiny

    Author: ICTJ; Tom Perriello, Marieke Wierda

    This case study provides basic information and policy analysis on the Special Court for Sierra Leone. It aims to help guide policymakers establishing and implementing similar mechanisms. The Court broke new ground in terms of narrowly focusing on those bearing the greatest responsibility for human rights abuses, allowing for a limited and efficient approach. However, the court faces significant challenges in terms of impact, legitimacy, fairness, and overall efficiency.

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  • Date: 1/12/2006

    What Happened to the Women? Gender and Reparation for Human Rights Violations

    Author: ed. Ruth Rubio-Marin

    Women face a double marginalization under authoritarian regimes and during and after violent conflicts. Nonetheless, reparations programs are rarely designed to address the needs of women victims. What Happened to the Women? Gender and Reparations for Human Rights Violations, argues for the introduction of a gender dimension into reparations programs. The volume explores gender and reparations policies in Guatemala, Peru, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, South Africa, and Timor-Leste.

  • Date: 1/1/2006

    Rule of Law Tools for Post Conflict States: Vetting: an operational framework

    Author: UN; Alexander Mayer-Rieckh (for OHCHR)

    Part of a series of practitioner-oriented publications by OHCHR, this report provides operational guidelines on the implementation of vetting programs within the broader context of institutional reform in post-conflict or post-authoritarian societies.

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  • Date: 1/1/2006

    Vetting Public Employees in Post-conflict Settings: Operational Guidelines

    Author: Alexander Mayer-Rieckh (for UNDP)

    This publication, written for the UNDP, provides operational guidelines on the implementation of vetting programs in post-conflict societies.

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  • Date: 1/1/2006

    Symposium: The Trial of Saddham Hussein

    Author: Ethics & International Affairs; Miranda Sissons

    This article examines and evaluates the Iraq Tribunal's Dujail Trial. The trial marks the beginning of a longer accountability process in the country and can potentially make a lasting contribution to transitional justice. This study assesses the fairness and effectiveness of the trial, and provides suggestions for future trials.

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  • Date: 1/1/2006

    Rule-of-Law Tools for Post-Conflict States, Vetting: an operational framework

    Author: Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights

    This publication provides an operational framework for vetting and institutional reform. It is intended address the challenges of institutional and personnel reform in post-conflict States through the creation of vetting processes that exclude persons who lack integrity from public institutions. It is divided into three sections: 1) the concept of vetting in the context of institutional reform and transitional justice; 2) the political conditions of post-conflict or post-authoritarian reform; and 3) the operational guidelines themselves.

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