National Prosecutions


For decades, war criminals have lived alongside those they tortured or displaced. Under the guise of being a refugee, they have sought new lives in America. But quiet efforts are underway to expose and punish as many of these hidden offenders as possible — and ensure none find a lasting haven in the United States.


Four Libyan families are suing rebel leader Khalifa Haftar for alleged war crimes in federal court, accusing the U.S. citizen and renegade general of carrying out an indiscriminate bombing campaign in their home country that has claimed the lives of civilians.


The High Court in Podgorica on Wednesday sentenced Vlado Zmajevic to 14 years in prison for war crimes against the civilian population.

Zmajevic was arrested by Montenegrin police in 2016 in the town of Niksic. He was part of Yugoslav Army forces fighting in Kosovo, was found guilty of the murder of four Albanian civilians in the village of Zegra near Gnjilane in Kosovo during the war in 1999.


The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet has questioned the government of Liberia's road-map for justice for victims of the Liberian Civil War and the establishment of the War Crimes Court.

Madam Bachelet also expressed alarm over the situation of Gender and Domestic violence in Liberia. She thanked the government of Liberia for the passage of the Land Rights Act while calling for the implementation of the instrument as well as the reactivation of Transparency agencies to fight issues of corruption and human rights abuses.


Indigenous Maya Achi women who said they were raped by paramilitary group members during Guatemala's 36-year-long civil war have suffered a major setback in their nearly decade-long quest for justice.


The government rested its murder case against a decorated Navy SEAL on Tuesday. Prosecutors had called on seven SEALs from the platoon to testify in the court-martial at Naval Base San Diego that started a week ago, including two who said they witnessed Special Operations Chief Edward Gallagher stab the wounded adolescent ISIS militant in the neck in May 2017 after he was under their care in Iraq.

Head of Program, The Gambia


The Gambian Truth, Reconciliation, and Reparations Commission (TRRC) started its operations in January 2019 with the public hearings of witnesses, victims, and perpetrators. It has already succeeded in having high-profile perpetrators testify publicly on their role in violations concerning several victims. But the question is, who should be at the center of truth telling?

Senior Expert, Programs


In designing transitional justice in Armenia, policymakers, civil society activists, and international actors should remember those who have not had justice for so long: the families of those killed or injured in March 2008, the victims of torture and political detention, the mothers in black seeking the truth about why their soldier sons were killed, the old pensioners who live in cold and hunger, farmers and rural communities who need access to social services, and students and young citizens who saw that their hope for a better future required a revolution.


On Tuesday, Tunisia’s former interior minister, Abdallah Kallel, appeared before the transitional justice court in Tunisia, which specialises in investigating human rights violations committed during the regime of former president Zine El Abidine Ben Ali and his predecessors.


Two decades after the Yugoslav wars, legislation now offers benefits for some of the people who were raped or sexually assaulted in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia and Kosovo—but victims still have to struggle hard to win reparations in courts.

One of the main problems facing survivors of wartime sexual violence in Bosnia and Herzegovina is that country has so far failed to adopt a state-level law on the Protection of Victims of Torture, which would provide financial assistance, help with rehabilitation and other benefits.