National Prosecutions

12/9/2017

The Bosnian prosecution on Wednesday charged four former Serb policemen - the mayor of the Vlasenica municipality, Miroslav Kraljevic, alongside Mane Djuric, Radenko Stanic, and Goran Garic - with the wartime persecution of Bosniak civilians in 1992 and 1993.

Kraljevic is a politician from the leading Bosnian Serb party, the Alliance of Independent Social Democrats, which is led by Milorad Dodik, the president of Bosnia’s Serb-dominated entity of Republika Srpska.

12/9/2017

The 14th regional conference on the exhumation and identification of people who disappeared in the 1990s wars, held in Belgrade on Friday, was told that a unique database of missing persons will be established in The Hague.

Representatives of the Bosnian, Croatian, Kosovo, Montenegrin and Serbian governments, as well as some international organisations, have agreed to create the database, said a representative of victims’ families’ associations.

11/29/2017

Anti-apartheid activist Ahmed Timol died in South African police custody in 1971, and his family continues to demand justice. While police claimed Timol died by suicide, evidence indicated that he was tortured and murdered. The family’s tenacious efforts led to the reopening of an inquest into Timol's death this year, with ICTJ senior program advisor Howard Varney representing the family.

Last month the Pretoria High Court ruled in the family’s favor, finding that Timol did not kill himself but was indeed murdered while in police custody. ICTJ’s Sam McCann sat down with Varney to discuss the ruling, what it means to Timol’s family, and its significance for the fight for justice in South Africa.

11/27/2017

The International Crimes Division Court has declined to grant a request by the former LRA Senior commandant Thomas Kwoyelo to unconditionally release him from Luzira Prisons on claims of a defective indictment by the Directorate of Public Prosecution (DPP).

Justice Susan Okalany has instead upheld the indictment in which Kwoyelo is charged with 93 counts that stem from the 20 year political insurgency in Northern Uganda.

11/27/2017

The International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia found former Bosnian Serb Army commander Ratko Mladic guilty on Wednesday of genocide and crimes against humanity, convicting him of some of the worst atrocities in Europe since World War II and jailing him for life.

Mladic, 74, was convicted of genocide in Srebrenica in 1995, the persecution and extermination of Bosniaks and Croats across the country, terrorising the population of Sarajevo with a campaign of shelling and sniper attacks, and taking UN peacekeepers hostage.

11/21/2017

Colombia's Senate has backed a law to regulate transitional justice under the country's peace deal with Marxist FARC rebels, including special tribunals that will try guerrilla leaders for war crimes.
The law, approved late on Wednesday, is considered the cornerstone of the agreement signed last year between the government and the FARC, known then as the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia. The measure still needs approval from the lower house of Congress, which is likely to vote on it early next week.

11/21/2017

Jovica Stanisic’s defence on Thursday challenged prosecution expert witness Christian Axboe Nielsen’s claim at the Mechanism for International Criminal Tribunals in The Hague that the Serbian State Security Service, SDB, had power over paramilitary forces led by Zeljko Raznatovic, alias Arkan.

Nielsen confirmed that he had not found direct evidence about the direct connection in numerous documents issued by the Serbian SDB, which he had analysed.

11/17/2017

Belgrade Special Court decided on Tuesday to restart the trial for the massacre of Bosniaks from Srebrenica in the village of Kravica in 1995 from the beginning, rejecting the prosecution’s argument that the proceedings should continue where they left off when they were suspended in July this year.

Defence lawyers for eight former members of a Bosnian Serb special police unit who are accused of the crimes argued that previously, the trial was being improperly held because Serbia had no war crimes prosecutor in place at the time.

11/17/2017

On Nov. 16, 28 years ago, six Spanish Jesuits, their cook and her daughter were murdered at the University of Central America (U.C.A.) by U.S.-trained and -equipped Salvadoran military. After nearly three decades of impunity, the upcoming extradition and trial of a former Salvadoran colonel and vice-minister of public security, accused as one of the authors of the massacre, could unlock key details of the case and help bring justice to the victims.

11/17/2017

On Monday, the UN Special Rapporteur on Transitional Justice, Pablo de Greiff, issued his concluding observations and recommendations following a two-week official visit to Sri Lanka – in essence, a review of the government of Sri Lanka’s progress in addressing the country’s legacy of mass human rights violations, including those committed during the final stages of the recent civil war which saw thousands of (mostly Tamil) civilians killed.

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