National Prosecutions


The war crimes tribunal that took force in Colombia on Monday should call the first war crime suspects to trial within six months, the court’s chief prosecutor said.
The Special Jurisdiction for Peace, or JEP, will try thousands of former guerrillas and members of the military for the crimes and atrocities committed in half a century of armed conflict.
The chief prosecutor at the court, Giovanni Alvarez, told newspaper El Tiempo on Tuesday that the court will begin public hearings once all logistical preparations are made.


LIMA, Peru — Alberto Fujimori, who as Peru’s leader in the 1990s revived the economy and crushed two violent leftist insurgencies, but was forced out in a corruption scandal and later imprisoned for human rights abuses, received a medical pardon on Sunday night, a decision that prompted an outcry across the Andean nation.

The Christmas Eve pardon was approved by President Pedro Pablo Kuczynski, who narrowly survived a bid by Congress on Thursday to remove him from office over allegations linking him to a graft scandal that has rattled Latin America.


Bosnia's state investigation and protection agency, SIPA, on Monday arrested 13 men suspected of committing crimes in the Konjic area southwest of Sarajevo in the 1992-19 war.

The 13 – Sefik Niksic, Adnan Alikadic, Mitko Pirkic, Safaudin Cosic, Muhamed Cakić, Ismet Hebibovic "Broceta", Redzo Balic, Hamed Lukomirak, Almir Padalović, Sead Jusufbegovic, Senadin Cibo, Agan and Esad Ramic – were all former members of the mainly Bosniak Bosnian army, Territorial Defence and the local Konjic police.


The state prosecution on Tuesday charged former Bosnian Serb soldiers Branko Cigoja, Zeljko Todic, Sasa Boskic and Milorad Glamocak with the murder of 28 Bosniak and Croat civilians in the village of Oborci in central Bosnia in late September 1995.

The four men, all allegedly former members of the Bosnian Serb Army’s Reconnaissance Squad from Mrkonjic Grad, are charged with committing a war crime against the civilian population.

The prosecution alleges that they took the 28 civilians from a detention facility in Oborci and shot them outside.


The Bosnian prosecution on Wednesday charged four former Serb policemen - the mayor of the Vlasenica municipality, Miroslav Kraljevic, alongside Mane Djuric, Radenko Stanic, and Goran Garic - with the wartime persecution of Bosniak civilians in 1992 and 1993.

Kraljevic is a politician from the leading Bosnian Serb party, the Alliance of Independent Social Democrats, which is led by Milorad Dodik, the president of Bosnia’s Serb-dominated entity of Republika Srpska.


The 14th regional conference on the exhumation and identification of people who disappeared in the 1990s wars, held in Belgrade on Friday, was told that a unique database of missing persons will be established in The Hague.

Representatives of the Bosnian, Croatian, Kosovo, Montenegrin and Serbian governments, as well as some international organisations, have agreed to create the database, said a representative of victims’ families’ associations.


Anti-apartheid activist Ahmed Timol died in South African police custody in 1971, and his family continues to demand justice. While police claimed Timol died by suicide, evidence indicated that he was tortured and murdered. The family’s tenacious efforts led to the reopening of an inquest into Timol's death this year, with ICTJ senior program advisor Howard Varney representing the family.

Last month the Pretoria High Court ruled in the family’s favor, finding that Timol did not kill himself but was indeed murdered while in police custody. ICTJ’s Sam McCann sat down with Varney to discuss the ruling, what it means to Timol’s family, and its significance for the fight for justice in South Africa.


The International Crimes Division Court has declined to grant a request by the former LRA Senior commandant Thomas Kwoyelo to unconditionally release him from Luzira Prisons on claims of a defective indictment by the Directorate of Public Prosecution (DPP).

Justice Susan Okalany has instead upheld the indictment in which Kwoyelo is charged with 93 counts that stem from the 20 year political insurgency in Northern Uganda.


The International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia found former Bosnian Serb Army commander Ratko Mladic guilty on Wednesday of genocide and crimes against humanity, convicting him of some of the worst atrocities in Europe since World War II and jailing him for life.

Mladic, 74, was convicted of genocide in Srebrenica in 1995, the persecution and extermination of Bosniaks and Croats across the country, terrorising the population of Sarajevo with a campaign of shelling and sniper attacks, and taking UN peacekeepers hostage.


Colombia's Senate has backed a law to regulate transitional justice under the country's peace deal with Marxist FARC rebels, including special tribunals that will try guerrilla leaders for war crimes.
The law, approved late on Wednesday, is considered the cornerstone of the agreement signed last year between the government and the FARC, known then as the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia. The measure still needs approval from the lower house of Congress, which is likely to vote on it early next week.