National Prosecutions


Outraged by governments failures to honor a peace deal with the FARC, rural communities across Colombia have initiated a ‘national strike’ demanding widespread solutions to poverty, violence and drug trafficking.

The strike is the most far-reaching since 2013 when farmers took to the streets decrying abject poverty and negative economic effects of a free trade agreement with the United States.


The Bosnian state court said on Tuesday that since it was set up, it has acquitted 60 Bosnian Serbs of war crimes or genocide - an attempt to counter allegations of bias from Serbs over the acquittal of Naser Oric earlier this month.

Of the 60, more than 50 are former members of the Bosnian Serb Army or Interior Ministry forces in the country’s Republika Srpska entity, while the others are former civilian officials, paramilitary leaders or detention camp guards.


On Oct. 20, Lebanon’s highest court issued a landmark ruling, sentencing two members of the local Syrian Social Nationalist Party (SSNP) to death. The verdict marks the end of a decadeslong case that prosecuted Habib Shartouni for the assassination of President-elect Bashir Gemayel during the country’s civil war. For some Lebanese, the sentence provided a sense of justice, while others suspect that political motivations were behind the ruling.


Tunisian President Beji Caid Essebsi approved Tuesday the basic law on Administrative Reconciliation with the symbols of the former regime, ending the controversy that was referred to him by a constitutional monitoring body for bills after failing to reach a decision.

Three members of the body supported the appeal of this law while other three members approved it. Therefore, the body referred it to the President, who was able to return it to Parliament, which he ratified last month.


A visiting United Nations special rapporteur says that Sri Lanka is nowhere close to where it should be in dealing with allegations of war crimes and other rights violations from its decades-long civil war.

Pablo de Greiff, the special rapporteur for transitional justice, concluded a visit to the island nation on Monday.


When jurors in a U.S. Federal Courthouse in the city of Brotherly Love found former Liberian rebel commander Mohammed Jabbateh, aka "Jungle Jabbah," guilty of two counts of fraud and two counts of perjury for lying to U.S. government officials about his role as a combatant in the Liberian Civil War, last week, it marked the latest in a series of attempts by forces outside Liberia to bring perpetrators of the country's bloody civil war to book.


A protected prosecution witness codenamed RFJ-157 testified at the Mechanism for International Tribunals in The Hague on Tuesday that a Serbian paramilitary unit led by Zeljko Raznatovic, alias Arkan, committed murders of Croats in the Eastern Slavonia area of Croatia in 1991.
Witness RFJ-157 said a minivan with licence plates from Novi Sad in Serbia, which was full of fighters whose faces were hidden by masks, arrived in the village of Klisa in November 1991.


The U.N. Yugoslav tribunal on Wednesday said is has scheduled its verdict in the war crimes trial of former Bosnian Serb Gen. Ratko Mladic for Nov. 22.

Mladic is accused of crimes including genocide for his alleged role as the military leader who oversaw the massacre of more than 8,000 men and boys at Srebrenica, Bosnia in July 1995.

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Colombia’s Supreme Court was paid to end an investigation into alleged ties between former Vice-President German Vargas and paramilitary warlord “Martin Llanos,” two opposition senators said Tuesday.

Both Vargas and Senator Claudia Lopez (Green Alliance) hope to take part in presidential elections held next year.

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Former Guatemalan dictator Efrain Rios Montt will face a second trial on Friday for genocide, a lawyer for victims said, reviving a case against the strongman accused of ordering massacres of Maya Indians during a long civil war.

Rios Montt, who ruled Guatemala in 1982 and 1983 after a military coup, was convicted of genocide four years ago along with another military officer but the ruling was overturned.

A Supreme Court tribunal will hear the case, Edgar Pérez, a lawyer for the relatives of victims who have led a years long campaign against Rios Montt, said on Wednesday.