Article 8 of the Tunisian Transitional Justice Organic Law of 2013 provides for a comprehensive transitional justice framework in Tunisia, including the creation of a justice mechanism—the Specialized Criminal Chambers (SCCs), which is mandated to adjudicate cases of gross human rights violations.
Invariably victims have little or no role to play in criminal justice proceedings, unless they happen to be a witness. In most jurisdictions, particularly in common-law countries, their rights are limited to attending the proceedings and being kept informed of progress. In Tunisia victims must apply to become civil parties if they wish to participate, though it is yet unknown whether victims may approach the SCCs directly. Questions regarding the participation of victims will become particularly relevant following the closure of the Truth and Dignity Commission.
Other briefing papers in this series on transitional justice in Tunisia include: